Hi, Mi Fans!
Friends, when we talk about the Windows OS, we realize that the operating system gets installed on a partition formatted with the NTFS file system. For removable flash drives and other forms of USB interface-based storage, we use FAT32. Additionally, the removable flash drives and memory cards can also be formatted with the exFAT file system, which is a derivative of the old FAT32 filesystem.
So, FAT32, NTFS, and exFAT are the three file systems we commonly use for Windows and storage media running on Android and various other devices. But, have you ever thought about the differences between FAT32, NTFS, and exFAT? Let's know that through this thread. Before that let's get to some basic and know about file systems.
What Is A File System?
NT File System(NTFS):
➡Compatibility: Works with all versions of Windows, but read-only with Mac by default, and may be read-only by default with some Linux distributions. Other devices—with the exception of Microsoft’s Xbox One—probably won’t support NTFS.
➡Limits: No realistic file-size or partition size limits.
➡Ideal Use: Use it for your Windows system drive and other internal drives that will just be used with Windows.
File Allocation Table 32 (FAT32):
➡Compatibility: Works with all versions of Windows, Mac, Linux, game consoles, and practically anything with a USB port.
➡Limits: 4 GB maximum file size, 8 TB maximum partition size.
➡Ideal Use: Use it on removable drives where you need maximum compatibility with the widest range of devices, assuming you don’t have any files 4 GB or larger in size.
Extended File Allocation Table (exFAT):
➡Compatibility: Works with all versions of Windows and modern versions of Mac OS X, but requires additional software on Linux. More devices support exFAT than support NTFS, but some—particularly older ones—may only support FAT32.
➡Limits: No realistic file-size or partition-size limits.
➡Ideal Use: Use it when you need bigger file size and partition limits than FAT32 offers and when you need more compatibility than NTFS offers. Assuming that every device you want to use the drive with supports exFAT, you should format your device with exFAT instead of FAT32.
Which file system format you prefer. Which of these is the best according to you? Let me know in the comments below. See you soon with one more tech thread. Till then, take care!
THANK YOU FOR READING
Sources: 1, 2, 3, 4, Google Images
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