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[Discussion] [Device Team] [Tech Class] Chapter 42: All about Mobile Camera – In Detail

2018-03-27 11:15:48

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Hey MI Fans,
Hope you all enjoying this day!!!
Everyone in this generation are well known about the camera, so in this Tech class, we will discuss on Camera, Its features and How it works etc.

So let's start the Tech class.
Smartphone Camera (2).jpg
The meaning of a Camera Phone
  • A camera phone is a same as a mobile device that can capture pictures and record videos. The pictures and video clips from the phone can then be transferred or stored in a computer as well shared with other mobile devices and so on.
  • Most, new mobile phones are already equipped with cameras with different levels of quality.

Working principle behind Smartphone Camera

  • The working process in Smartphones is as same as DSLRs. The user or the Smartphone camera focus the object, Light enters into the lens. Those apparatus determines the light that reaches to the sensors while the shutters determine how long the sensors can expose to light.
  • The sensors capture the image of the object, the camera hardware process the image and stored the file.
  • Most of the items on this list are handled by relatively simple machines, so their performance is dictated by the laws of physics. That means that there are some observable phenomena that will affect your photos in fairly predictable ways.
Smartphone Camera (5).jpg
Different parts of a camera
There are some basic camera parts to identify in today’s digital world. Whether you have a Smartphone or a digital SLR, these parts will inevitably be found on most cameras.
Lens
  • The lens plays most vital parts role of a camera. For capturing a sharply - detailed picture it's essential to have a good quality of lenses. a good quality of lens The light enters through the lens, and this is where the photo process begins.
  • Lenses can be either fixed permanently to the body or interchangeable. They can also vary in focal length, aperture, and other details.

Aparature
  • An aperture is a hole through which the light reaches to the camera. With the different effects, aperture changes the amount of light that moves to the camera lens.
  • Though this one plays the main role on capturing an image so larger aperture passes more light for a brighter image but in case of smaller apparatus, it makes the image darker due to low light pass through it.
  • In case of depth measuring, some images have thin or shallow depth where the background is out of focus. For larger depth of field, both foreground and background are sharp.
Smartphone Camera (6).jpg
Image sensor
  • As camera’s sensor is photosensitive that capture lights from different sources to form a digital image. An electric charge produced when photos from light collected in photosite. For more bright light the charge generated is more. We often heard about CMOS sensors, as these sensors are much less expensive to manufacture.
  • The complementary metal-oxide semiconductor Sensors have to convert light into electrons. This sensor consumes less power and due to standard silicon production line, these are extremely inexpensive.
  • In the other hand, CCD sensors are focused on high quality. So they consume as much as powerful than a CMOS sensor.
Smartphone Camera (1).jpg
Flash
  • Every camera uses the flashlight mode according to the availability whether it built-in or external. The use of the flash device was started to produce an artificial light on the object at a color temperature of 5500K to help eliminate the scene.
  • In smartphones, Auto flash mode fires the light when the object is in low light for better exposure.
  • While in flash off mode the camera uses the natural light with a long exposure, in other hand camera fires forces flash even there is enough available light with Fill-in Flash Mode.
Smartphone Camera (4).jpg
Science behind Image capturing
  • When we switching to the Camera app the device allows lights to travel through the lens. When the light strikes the image sensor it measures the intensity of light from different spots.Lights must be focused on the image sensor.
  • Also, various elements will rotate to provide a sharper focus. In some cameras, they use automatic focus where the camera itself adjust the elements automatically or manually.
  • After converting each pixel to electrons, an analog to digital chip converts the lights with each pixel to a digital value. After the camera moves the digital value data, the bits reaches to the memory card and by using the firmware camera write the data to the card.
Smartphone Camera (3).jpg
The Dual camera Technology
  • In the last year, Xiaomi launched dual camera mounted device MI A1 where one cam used for wide angle and Telephoto combination by another one. To allow the bokeh effect in smartphone-like DSLR.
  • Manufactures now implanted 2 cameras where the primary one works like a typical camera for adding more clarity with the help to monochrome feature and the second one is for zooming purpose.
  • And with some other devices, the second camera works to capture for depth. Having a dual camera is more advantageous rather than the single camera in better picture quality, Faster focus etc.
[[Credits]]
So what about your Opinion on this?
Share your comments.

A Tech Class Recap
Class 15:All CPU Cores
Class 17:All About RAM
Class 28:All About IP(Ingress Protection)Ratings
Class 32:MIMO Technology Explained
Class 33: All About Gi-Fi
Class 34: All you need to know about ADB
Class 35: All about Factory reset
Class 36: More about on Internet Protocol (IP).
Class 37: Android Voice Recognition - In Detail
Class 38: Mobile Touch panel – An Android Input
Class 39: All about Pixel Density & DPI
Class 40: Android Source code - What we need to know
Class 41: All we need to know about Mobile Earphones.

Smartphone Camera (7).jpg

2018-03-27 11:15:48
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Master Bunny

Rajeev Billu | from Mi A1

#1

thanks for information
2018-03-27 12:04:09
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Pro Bunny

David Jones | from Redmi Note 4

#2

Awesome thanks bro
2018-03-27 12:27:16
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Advanced Bunny

Anki8054 | from app

#3

Thank you
2018-03-27 12:29:44
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Pro Bunny

KK376 | from Redmi Note 5 Pro

#4

thanks for the information
2018-03-27 12:51:57
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Rookie Bunny

Venkata Narasimham | from Redmi Note 4

#5

Thanks for information
2018-03-27 12:56:28
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Pro Bunny

umamg | from Redmi Note 3

#6

thanks for sharing information about camera
2018-03-27 13:06:48
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Pro Bunny

Selva Kumar | from Redmi Note 4

#7

nice information
2018-03-27 13:10:37
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Advanced Bunny

1599870498 | from Redmi Note 5

#8

keep on mi
2018-03-27 13:12:58
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Master Bunny

8131016561 | from MI MAX

#9

Thanks for sharing with us.
2018-03-27 13:14:22
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Pro Bunny

1755848935 | from Redmi 4

#10

Thanks......
2018-03-27 13:16:06
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