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There have been lots of discussions going on regarding the 5G network and we all know that there are lots of things which are needed to be done for providing 5G services to mobile devices but for that, many new hardware networking towers are needed to be rolled out and Qualcomm might have just cleared one of their major hurdle regarding the 5G services with the announcement of its new QTM052 mmWave antenna module. According to Qualcomm, the antenna will provide you with a high-speed networking to work on your mobile phone.
Today Qualcomm officially announced the first 5G millimetre wave and 6GHz antennas which is for mobile devices. The use of these antennas is this, that it will help you bring 5G into reality, and you will get to see those in devices very soon before the end of 2018. We know that Qualcomm earlier this year showed their users that they will already get Big-jumps in speed with lower bandwidth 5G solutions! But the truly impressive leap forward will be coming from the mmWave network.
Freinds we are going to know a lot more about this 5G Antenna by Qualcomm but before that lets the first talk about what millimetre wave (mmWave) is and why the Tech could be so transformative.
mmWaves wavelength is between 24 and 300GHz
The term millimetre wave represents the radio spectrum which is between 24 and 300GHz. This spectrum is still highly underdeveloped and it consists of an incredibly short wavelength which means the data transfer of this spectrum is much higher than the traditional cellular network spectrum. We have read in high physics classes that the wavelength of the radio waves is the distance between its peak and valleys.
With such a short wavelength of millimetre wave technology, it means that it will not travel nearly as far as traditional cellular waves. So, for overcoming this issue Qualcomm developed a Technique Beam Forming. Beam Forming uses multiple different mmWaves signals to concentrate the signal in a focused beam, which helps your device to get a better signal.
How mmWave beamforming works
Just think of a single millimetre wave like a floodlight. As you will walk away from the floodlight you will lose the brightness, but if you have multiple millimetre wave floodlights pointed at a single source from a different direction, the light will become much more focused in the centre. With this, the signal becomes much stronger as well as much cleaner, which is a primary factor for the speed of the signal. Now the question arises that from where are these beams emitted? These beams are emitted from small-cell nodes mounted to light poles and other objects and bounce off surfaces into an environment to eventually land on your phone. However, for Snapdragon X50 modem to actually capture the signal, and the special radio antennas are needed to be placed throughout your phone and the antennas are what Qualcomm announced today.
Qualcomm’s 5G millimetre wave antennas will be nested in different spots on your device — three on the sides of your smartphone and four in your mobile hotspot. Millimetre wave can’t actually travel through many materials, so getting a signal from a small-cell node to your device requires 5G small cells sending out a number of beams, or concentrated signals, so a few hit your phone or mobile hotspot. These beams can bounce off objects in the environment. With enough beams radiated out in a small area, your phone and hotspot will be able to pick up a number of them in at once.
A phone mockup with three 5G antennas
The inability to pass through objects such as traditional mobile signals it might make 5G a little bit inefficient but for this Qualcomm has made a workaround. Because the new technology shoots a concentrated signal in form of the beam the device is able to send an equivalent upload beam in the same direction, back at the small cell. The process happens every second so that your phone and the small cell will be able to triangulate your location as you move. Because of the concentrated signal, Qualcomm can pass a huge amount of Data through the beam.
Currently, the theoretical maximum data rate is about 5Gbps. With typical network degradation and network Sharing the average users can see an average of about 1.4Gbps during this first generation. This kind of data rate can open up an entirely new world to computing such as processing heavy computational workloads off-chip and passing the data back to your device.
While Qualcomm has not yet confirmed anything officially, we may see 5G mmWaves Snapdragon-Based laptops hitting shelves in the next couple of years. Server-side edge computing, coupled with the high battery life of Snapdragon-based laptops, could make truly thin and light notebooks with desktop performance very much a reality. Because the mmWave 5G which requires a high density of small cells to work on, mobile devices will be able to fall back on sub 6GHz 5G technology during the event of a poor mmWave 5G signal.
While this tech won’t be able to deliver the 1.4 Gbps average speed of mmWave, users can expect about 490Mbps, far eclipsing the speeds offered in today’s 4G devices. Devices will also still be able to use gigabit LTE if they can’t connect to sub-6GHz networks, which will be offering better speeds due to less congestion and more efficient use of the airwaves.
So, Friends, this was all the information about the 5G Antenna by Qualcomm. Don't forget to share your Thoughts and Views regarding it in the Comments Section below.
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